Special Education Needs
The Government has asked all Local Authorities in the UK to publish, in one place, information about the services and provision they expect to be available in their area for children and young people from 0 to 25 who have Special Educational Needs and/or a Disability (SEND). This is known as the Local Offer.
At Immaculate Tots Childcare, we are committed to the equal inclusion of all pupils in all areas of nursery school life. We recognise the diverse and individual needs of all of our pupils and take into account the additional support required by those children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND).
If you have any questions about our SEND Local Offer please contact us and we will try our best to help you.
To ensure that are staff are trained in various special educational needs and that our SENCO provides the role model to ensure that we follow the SEND Code of Practice (2014) to enable every child regardless of need to achieve at their own pace.
- To provide a secure and accessible environment in which every one of our children can achieve to their own abilities and in which all contributions are considered and valued;
- To include and value the contribution of every family member to our understanding of equality and diversity;
- To provide positive non-stereotyping information about gender roles, diverse ethnic and cultural groups and disabled people;
- To improve our knowledge and understanding of issues of anti-discriminatory practice, promoting equality and valuing diversity; and
- To make inclusion a thread that runs through all of the activities in the Nursery.
At Immaculate Tots Childcare we are committed to equality and we aim for every pupil to fulfil their full potential no matter what his/her background or personal circumstances.
We appreciate and understand that children learn and develop in different ways. Practitioners and senior management recognise this and use different teaching styles, resources and plan different levels of work in the nursery to cater for the various ways children learn. However, many children, at some time in their early years education life, need extra help. Because of this we offer the following support for SEND children:
We talk to parents/carers if they think their child has a special educational need and let them know what special help the school is giving.
Mrs Rae is the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO)
We have a written Special Educational Needs policy – a copy should be made available for parents and is included on this website.
Each child’s key worker will be finding ways to support them such as:
- Adjusting the way activities are planned and delivered
- Matching activities to the ability / needs of each child (differentiation)
- Adapting learning materials such as equipment and activities to suit each child’s needs.
- Offer small group support to promote skills identified in the child’s Education Plan
With the permission of parents we may seek additional advice from outside specialists such as health professionals, specialist teachers or educational psychologists who would:
- Carry out further assessment of the child’s needs
- Provide advice to future educational establishments on how to best support the child
- Suggest resources that would help the child make progress
Our practitioners, Early Years Curriculum Lead and Deputy and Manager work in partnership with parents and the SENCO to find ways to support each child with their needs, including giving parents ideas on how to help their child at home.
Our staff will set targets for children with SEND, which will be shared with parents regularly.
If your child has Special Educational Needs our SENCO will:
- Ensure the right support is put in place for each child
- Advise other teachers and practitioners how to help every child and ensure they have an up to date My Support Plan (where necessary) detailing how their needs will be met in nursery.
- Arrange training for staff so they understand each child’s needs.
- Work closely with parents on a regular basis to talk with them about their child’s needs and listen to any ideas or concerns they might have.
- Work with other professionals (if necessary) who may be able to help individual children, e.g. speech and language therapist /medical professional/ educational psychologist.
An Education Plan (EP) / My Support Plan details what the nursery, the staff and the SENCO plan to do, to help individual children learn. All practitioners should be aware that children learn in different ways. Some need to work at a slower pace to ensure they fully understand one thing before they move onto something new.
An Education Plan will be written especially for any child with SEND. It should include:
- Short term targets for the child which are linked to their needs
- Details of any extra support the child will get
- Who will give the child help
- How often the child will get help
- How and when the nursery will look at the child’s progress again
It is good practice for schools to share copies of Education Plans with parents / carers.
If a child’s needs are very complex and/or severe we may ask the Local Authority to carry out an Education, Health and Care Assessment:
- This is a very detailed assessment of each child’s needs. Parents or carers, the nursery and a range of professionals will all be asked to provide written reports.
- At the end of the assessment phase the Local Authority will consider these reports to help decide whether or not to issue an Education, Health and Care Plan for the child.
- Parents/carers also have the right to ask the Local Authority to carry out this assessment although it is usually best if you can do this with the support of the school.Education, Health and Care Assessment is only appropriate for a small number of children. Your nursery SENCO or the Parent Partnership Service will be able to advise you about this
Types of special educational needs can include:
- General Learning Difficulties – children whose learning progresses at a slower pace.
- Speech and Language Difficulties.
- Behavioural Difficulties.
- Dyslexia (difficulties with reading, writing and spelling)
- Dyspraxia (problems with motor skills, organisation)
- ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder – ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
- Downs Syndrome
- Cerebral Palsy
- Other Physical or Medical Needs
A special educational need can be a number of different things. For example, a child may be having problems with speaking and communication, physical skills or behaviour and socialising with other children, which can be helped by giving some extra support at nursery and by working in close partnership with the parents. Needs could be across several areas. Special needs can also be due to a disability, which makes it harder for a child to use the same educational facilities and ratios that the nursery normally provides. For some children the special need may be a temporary difficulty, while others may have a longer term need for special help.
Our assessments for all children include observational records, assessing progress against Early Years Outcomes, specific detailed assessments for speech, language and communication skills, physical development or social and emotional development. Through our assessments and observation’s we become aware if a child has a particular need and may need additional help.
At Immaculate Tots Childcare, we actively seek the involvement of parents and carers and other bodies to support us to meet the needs of children with SEND, this includes external agencies and initiatives. The professionals within these agencies offer a wealth of knowledge and expertise for us to draw upon and ensure we meet the needs of all SEND children, no matter how complex.
We strive to cater for the unique needs of each child with SEND attending our nursery and ensure they develop a range of skills during their time with us. As a result we have built relationships with a network of external agencies to consult with and offer support to children and staff respectively.
Below is a list of the various agencies we may work with, but this list is not conclusive.
- SEND – Agencies & Partnerships
- ADHD Association
- Behaviour Support Team
- CAMHS Assessment Team
- Children’s Centre Support Workers
- Downs Syndrome Association
- Health visiors
- Makaton Website
- Occupational Therapy Service
- Parent Partnership
- Portage Workers
- Social Care
- Speech and Language Therapy
The children with SEND attending our nursery are aged 0-5 years so we need to ensure that with them (where appropriate) we seek their views about how we are meeting their needs has to be age appropriate, especially when many often have communication difficulties.
We use the following strategies:
- Have regular meetings and discussions with parents about what we have planned for their child and how to link this with interests and passions demonstrated at home
- Develop close links with our parents, to enable them to feel like there is a 3 way communication system, ie: child, parent and nursery.
- Make close observations during nursery to identify the types of activities and experiences that most engage each child so these can be developed further and be used inform future planning
- Involve SEND children with selecting their own activities and encouraging them to select their own resources within activities to follow their interests.
- Extend and develop a range of resources that they show a preference for.
- Most importantly, ensure the children with SEND are happy, motivated and enthusiastic about their learning and progress effectively.
- Working in partnership together with families is key to securing success, ensuring that every child reaches their full potential.